There are 650 Members of Parliament, representing an average of about 95,000 people per constituency. There are currently 11 parties with MPs (sort of 12, some Labour MPs also represent the Co-operative Party) and 4 independent MPs, including one who was suspended then resigned from the Labour Party for getting drunk in a House of Commons bar and headbutting a Conservative MP (no, I'm not kidding). There is also the Speaker of the House who resigns their party affiliation on election as Speaker. By tradition, when they are elected they are 'dragged' to the Speaker's chair. This is a reference to the days when being elected Speaker was a bad idea because it came with a serious risk of being executed for treason. 7 MPs have been awarded Nobel Prizes, Randal Cremer (1903), Austen Chamberlain (1925), Arthur Henderson (1934), Robert Cecil (1937), Philip Noel-Baker (1959) and David Trimble (1998) all received the Peace Prize. Winston Churchill won the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature. Several have been Olympic medallists. John Boland won gold in tennis in 1896 then went on to become MP for an Irish constituency, prior to Irish independence. Philip-Noel Baker won silver in the 1,500m in 1920 (Olympic medallist, MP and Nobel Laureate is a pretty impressive resume). David Cecil won gold in the 400m hurdles in 1928 and silver in the 4x400m in 1932. Colin Moynihan took silver in 1980 as cox of the rowing eight. The most successful Olympian to become an MP was runner Seb Coe, who won gold in the 1,500m in 1980 and 84 and silver in the 800m in both years. Though that success is somewhat eclipsed my member of the House of Lords and former Paralympian Tanni, Baroness Grey-Thompson who won a bronze in 1988, 4 golds and a silver in 92, a gold and 3 silvers in 96, 4 golds in 2000 and 2 golds in 2004. The only MP to win an Olympic medal while a serving MP was John Gretton who won 2 golds in sailing in 1900. The first ethnic minority MP to be elected was Dadabjai Naoroji who was elected in 1892. The first woman to be elected and take her seat was Nancy Astor, elected in 1919. Constance Markievicz was elected in 1918 but refused to take her seat as she was a member of Sinn Fein (Sinn Fein members still refuse to take their seats when elected as they are unwilling to take the oath of allegiance to the Queen). One British MP has been made a saint, Thomas More was executed for treason for refusing to take an oath supporting Henry VIII's schism from the Roman Catholic Church. One has been a holder of the Victoria Cross, Sir Henry Havelock-Allan was awarded the VC for service during the Indian Mutiny, was later elected MP and then killed on active service in Afghanistan while still an MP. He is far from the only MP to have died on military service. Serving MPs died in both World Wars, in the Wars of the Roses, the English Civil War, the French and Indian Wars, during the Peninsular War and several other conflicts. A couple of MPs have been elected posthumously, for instance, Edward Legge was elected to Parliament in the 18th Century, nearly 3 months after he died in the West Indies. MP William Huskisson holds the unfortunate distinction of being the first person to be killed in a railway accident, he was run over by Stephenson's Rocket. Several MPs have died in duels, the last in the early 18th Century. Several have been murdered. Of those, Airey Neave deserves special mention. During WW2 he was one of the few Allied PoWs to escape from Colditz and after WW2, because he was a lawyer and fluent in German, he was the officer chosen to read the indictments to the accused at the Nuremberg Trials. He was murdered by an INLA bomb in 1979. A few dozen have been executed. Most of these have been in connection with the English Civil War, both sides executed several MPs for supporting the other side and then many of the people who signed the death warrant for Charles I were executed after the Restoration. And finally, the MP with the unfortunate record of being the shortest serving. Alfred Dobbs was elected on July 26 1945, then on July 27 1945, while driving, he swerved to avoid a child in the road, hit another vehicle and was killed instantly.